It gives the desired coolness; Not having legs, moves around the garden, giving it depth and mystery. The mysterious lady of the half-light named Shadow is completely different – it is full of contrasts and semitones that indirectly affect our emotional state and directly – the choice of suitable plants in your favorite garden. Let’s learn more about her habits and moods!
The penumbra, or scattered light, reigns in places that are caressed by the rays of the sun no more than 4-5 hours a day. Typical for her constant play of highlights, coolness and higher humidity are beneficial for many green tenants, for example on astilba, astratia or fern. And even among the sun-loving herbaceous perennials there are quite a few who are well tolerated by an openwork shadow, for example, the persicaria or the meadow rue. But in the full shadow, say, on the northern side of a tall building or under trees and shrubs with a large and dense crown, the sunlight is chronically lacking. Here, only the most persistent ones can survive, such as a periwinkle (Vinca) or ivy. What kind of design is best for your shady garden?
1. The nooks under the deciduous trees in summer and beckon cool. Here you can enjoy the bewitching play of light and shade, which is formed by the sun rays, making their way through the leaves. In the delicate shade the bluebell (Campanula), hydrangeas, ivy and numerous ferns grow well.
2. Similar to the aerial feathers, the pink inflorescences of Astilbe ‘Bressing Beauty’ look very effective against a contrasting dark background. This is one of the few plants that can bloom abundantly and continuously in the shade. However, the total absence of sun is not suitable for Astilbe, the most delicate shade fits her most.
3. With a pergola, densely woven wisteria and clematis, the shaded far corner in the garden turned into a cozy place, protected from extraneous eyes, for leisure.
4. A stylish solution: a flower bed with a geuchera (Heuchera) and a bluebell (Campanula) is enough to add a suitable accessory, for example a clay figurine, – and the composition will take place!
5. Lush herbaceous perennials, such as geranium and large ‘Aureola’, adorn a meandering path from clinker.
6. White-pink flowers of astratia major are similar to openwork buttons. This filigree herbaceous perennial captivates with the charm of naturalness. The plant multiplies perfectly by self-seeding.
7. Warm tones in the penumbra: two lush ferns – (1) the female athlete (Athyrium filix-femina) – spread out their openwork leaves as if picking up the eye-catching (2) Kirengeshoma palmata, which is adorned with delicate yellow flowers and leaves , Similar to maple. On the right, bright colors are added to the composition (3) Adenophora hybrid (Adenophora hybride) ‘Amethyst’ with blue-violet bell-shaped flowers. In the foreground, the lilyopa muscular (Liriope muscari) with thin, leafy leaves attracts the eye (4). In August-September, she has remarkable candelabrum inflorescences. Liriope is supplemented by orange-yellow (5) mekonopsis Cambrian (Meconopsis cambrica) ‘Aurantiaca’, which appears in all its glory only in the cool shade.
8. Shade-tolerant tall representatives of the flora, for example, dichotomy (Aruncus dioicus), are magnificent and solo. The tenderness of the white fluffy inflorescences of the plant is emphasized by the bright background of the red structure.
9. The steps look organically in the embrace of the mekonopsis of the Cumbrian (Meconopsis cambrica), the crimson and the variegated hosts ‘Golden Tiara’.
10. Juicy paints at altitude. Plants for an uplifted flower garden located in the penumbra are deliberately chosen in tone: it is a classic variant that always looks harmonious. In all its glory, “pets” appear at the peak of summer. At this time, compact pink inflorescences (1) of the highlander (Polygonum amplexicaule) ‘Anna’ appear. Next to each breeze blowing lovely butterflies waving (2) sedge layered (Carex pendula) with picturesquely drooping beautiful leaves. In July, the composition is supported by purple-red heads (3) astrantia major ‘Abbey Road’. Paints in the blazing floral bonfire adds and (4) the Heuchera hybride hybrid ‘Obsidian’ with dark red leaves and adorable pink inflorescences. Between geychers, ground-cover (5) geranium hybrid (Geranium hybride) ‘Sue Crug’, which from July to September fascinates with pink-purple flowers.
11. White-green oasis under the trees. In this example, tall and low plants are planted in a multilevel composition as they usually grow in nature: in the background, the highest, in the foreground – the lowest. To the right proudly stretches the stately (1) Aconite napellus, which blooms from July to August. Nearby, she flared her unusual huge leaves (2) rosacea chestnut chestnut (Rodgersia aesculifolia). With it beautifully contrasts (3) the basilisk Thalictrum delavayi ‘Album’ – a gentle herbaceous perennial with airy openwork inflorescences, which are perfect for cutting. On the left, the flower garden is adorned with one of the most beautiful summer-growing plants – (4) hydrangea macrophylla, whose snow-white inflorescences attract an incredible size. In the center there is an unusually hardy (5) male shield (Dryopteris filix-mas). The edge of the flower garden brightens the broad oval leaves of the variegated (6) hosts of the hybrid (Hosta hybride) ‘Patriot’.
12. Jungle in mini-format: in one tank amalgamous neighbors are ivy, gillenia (Gillenia), Polystichum setiferum, ‘Dahlem’, Campanula punctata ‘Sarastro’ and Derbyanka (Blechnum).
You can clearly structure the plot by laying flower beds of strict geometric shapes. Or, conversely, make your green oasis more intriguing, with a predominance of flowing lines and transitions, that is, close to nature. The choice of stylistic strategy depends largely on the specific conditions: thus, under the sprawling large tree, it will be better to look at the imitation of the forest clearing, and in the heavy shadow of the building or in the courtyards the formal “rectilinear” style is more appropriate. Scattered by deciduous trees, “half-light” pacifies, but a sharp dense shadow from the house can overtake sadness and depress. However, each case is unique: for example, a corner on the east side of the building, illuminated by the morning sun, is quite suitable for a terrace where you can have breakfast and enjoy the beauty of nature.
Alas, adapted to the shade of flower plants is much less than sun-loving. But among the shady-tolerant enough decorative-looking handsome men with different structure, shape and coloring of leaves – they should be bet on them, making out a shady corner, because these modest heroes set the tone in such places. For example, the glowworm (Epimedium), rodgersia (Rodgersia) and hosta (Hosta), although they originate from East Asia, grow well in our latitudes.
Very dynamic flower beds from Darmera and Rodgersia with large leaves combined with filigree decorative herbs and ferns look very dynamic. For their color, they can be diluted with floral herbaceous perennials, such as Astrantia, Cimicifuga and Astilbe.
Choosing a color scheme for planting in the shade, give preference to plants with mottled white-green leaves and white flowers – in dark corners they will serve as so-called illuminators. Pastel blue, pink and lilac tones are also most effective looking exactly with muted light. And finally, we can not forget about a couple of indisputable pluses of shady flower beds: dense plantings with hardy herbaceous perennials pass by weeds, and moisture from the soil evaporates not so fast as in the sun.