Japan is a country with unusual traditions and original culture. The ceremonies and customs of this great people can be spoken for hours. Here, nothing is created just like that, every creation, whether it’s simple origami or ikebana, has a whole prehistory of appearance and necessarily its philosophy of execution.
The man is so arranged that his attention is attracted by all the unusual, so Japanese motifs quickly and firmly settled in American and European interiors. And if domestic delicacies are not always available for viewing, then a garden in Japanese style, broken in the open space of the estate, will not let pass by without looking at its pacifying beauty. Sometimes it is difficult to cope with the desire to push the gate, sit on a stone bench and immerse yourself in thoughts about the eternal.
Concept of a garden in Japanese style
The main feature of the style of the Japanese garden is called deep inner harmony, generated by unity with nature. When creating such a landscape, one should not strive for symmetry, because it serves as a sign of unnaturalness and demonstrates the influence on human nature. The main elements used in the design are: Stones. Water. Plants.
It is very important when breaking down the garden to observe the harmony of the elements. Japanese masters consider stones a skeleton of a garden, and water – its blood. To give the finished form a composition, they prefer, widely using secondary elements, in the list of which:
- Bamboo hedges.
- The bridges.
These small architectural forms often play the role of raisins and bring a real cosiness to the general atmosphere. In the conditions of our climate, it is rational to saturate the landscape with a large number of plants characteristic of a particular natural zone, because the Asian exotic simply does not survive in the temperate zone. When creating reservoirs, they try to avoid making their correct form. Their outlines always have smooth and, most importantly, natural curves.
Only in this case they will be able to convey the energy of tranquility and pacification. Fanciful fountains in the garden, broken in the Japanese style, it is correct to replace with small waterfalls, but if there is an irresistible desire to decorate it with a fountain, then in no case is it fanciful, otherwise the idyll of naturalness will be broken.
In the gardens of a modest square do not use large elements in the form of stone blocks, immense trees and massive benches. Will not tolerate such a design and riot of colors. The Japanese style is dominated by green color, and the rest of the spectrum can only be present in the form of small dot inclusions in a minimal volume.
Music of stones
In the traditional interpretation, the stones are laid out diagonally, starting from the left corner of the selected garden. The Japanese garden is often called the Stone Garden, because it is these natural elements that make up its structure and remind people of strength and stamina.
Composing from them a composition is not an easy art. In the traditional interpretation, the stones are laid out diagonally, beginning with the left corner of the selected pothole. The number of stones used must be odd. In the composition, unprocessed stones of various shades are invariably used. With the years they will grow in moss and even more harmoniously merge with the natural landscape. Around the stones, plants are planted.
The composition of the garden in the Japanese style can contain groups of stones, where boulders are laid out mixed with small elements. Good fit in the structure of the garden sculpture from a polished and painted in a calm color of stone. But, perhaps, the most beloved part of such a garden will be winding paths from various stones, because walking on them is an indescribable pleasure.
The vitality of water
It is impossible to make a Japanese garden without such an attribute as water. Only fountains and ponds, waterfalls and brooks will be able to fill the space with movement and volume. Above the water, the bridge is erected.
Do not be discouraged if conditions do not allow you to equip even the simplest alpine hill. The absence of a lake will perfectly replace a dry stream. Its formed channel is laid out with smooth pebbles with glitter or gravel and if the accents are correctly distributed, a real sensation of the presence of water is created.
To give greater naturalness to the landscape will be helped by water-loving plants planted along the banks.
Plants for the Japanese Garden
A selection of plants for a garden in the Japanese style is performed on the principle of a wave. This means that in any season in such a landscape there should be something to admire. In the warm season, one blooming group of plants should immediately be replaced by a new burgeoning area.
Since the essence of the Japanese garden – the reconstruction of the world in miniature, then in its landscape can not do without stunted plants like juniper, rhododendron, pygmy spruce, Karelian birch. They are combined with powerful giants – elms, oaks, pines.
You can saturate the space with fruit trees, which will give an incredible aesthetic pleasure at the time of flowering. Apricots, cherries, plums with the beauty of their flowers are quite capable of replacing the Japanese cherry blossom.
With regard to herbaceous plants, the more popular in the Japanese garden will look large-leaved species. It can be: Fern. Host. Rogersia. Chrysanthemums. You can not ignore the traditional Asian bamboo and bonsai. And the latter can be entered into the design directly in the pots.
The best decorative elements of the garden, decorated in Japanese style, will be stone sculptures and miniature pagodas made of stone or wood. Along the alleys you can set low lanterns and neat stone benches. Hang out on the trees a playful bells, perfectly repeating the song of the wind and casting peace. The main thing is not to overdo it with man-made materials, otherwise the garden will lose its semantic value.
The bridges in Japanese philosophy
For most of us, the bridge is a structure designed to move over an obstacle. In the same gardens created in the Japanese style, this is only a decorative element that carries a semantic load. In this landscape bridges symbolize the life path.
According to custom, they are made of a valuable tree, distinguished by the brightness of the color. Such bridges can be decorated with stones, chaotically spread them along a curved trajectory.
The path leading to the bridge from the small, oblong form of stones will make its presence even more organic. On the roadsides of such an alley it is advisable to break numerous small flower beds. Standing on such a bridge, you can not refrain from thinking about the meaning of life.
To equip under the samurai philosophy spacious areas are not a problem. There is where to go for a walk. But is it realistic in this style to carry out the modern design of the suburban area? Completely! Professional designers can break a modest garden in Japanese style in a flat and hilly version. The creation of planar compositions will require sand, small stones and moss. In this way the garden of Reanlzi is made.
The sand, processed by rakes, symbolizes sea waves and a vast water area, along the perimeter of which the moss and chaotically scattered stones are scattered randomly around the perimeter. In the hilly reliefs, you can not use greens.
A good landscape will help create mountains, sand, pebbles and structural stones – here the main thing is to put everything right. Boulder elongated form with a vertical installation will symbolize the mountain peak, and flat cobblestones paved around – its slopes. Pebbles and sand are used to reproduce the illusion of the presence of a pond.
Features of landscape lighting
To understand the essence of the art of creating a garden in the Japanese style can only be immersed in its atmosphere. A garden in the Japanese style will never turn out to be logically completed if it does not have thoughtful lighting. In large gardens, tachigata are always used.
These lights have a height of one and a half to three meters and can illuminate large areas. Near Tsukubai, lanterns of a hidden type – Ikekommi-gata – can often be found. Their light is directed downwards, which allows to maintain the atmosphere of semi-darkness and mystery.
The contour of the ponds is designated as a tiny ohigata, and near the other reservoirs it is possible to install a yakimi-gata. Understand the essence of the art of creating a garden in the Japanese style can only be immersed in its atmosphere. In Russia, it can be done in the Main Botanical Garden.
The corner of Japan here was reproduced in 1987, quoted as a kind of a tea garden and is distinguished by a special atmosphere, in which it is pleasant to plunge in any season. Walking on it, a person is spiritually preparing for a tea ceremony.
The process of creating a Japanese garden, although it differs a lot of complexity, but still incredibly exciting. It is clear that our conditions do not allow us to recreate an ideal garden in the Japanese style, with the reflection of all national canons, but you can try to get closer to the original.
If you have a purpose and time, then you can quite succeed in expressing your worldview in stone and water, and also show the depth of the Slavic soul. Spreading stones, listen to your heart, and then the corner of the Land of the Rising Sun will become not just a real decoration for your site, but also a great place for relaxation.