If you use an irrigation system, you should know that conventional sprinklers use up to 1,000 liters of water per hour. For comparison, even a family of four people a day requires less. A reasonable solution is a device that includes watering only when necessary, depending on the soil moisture. The degree of humidification is monitored by a special sensor, and the measurement results are transmitted to the control unit every 30 minutes via the radio channel.
Do not overdo it by watering lawns. Yes, they can become slightly brown over the summer. But in the fall the rains will come and the grass will recover. Try to plant a clover on the lawn – it keeps green even in a drought.
If you use a simple hose, equip it with a spray gun: by adjusting the head of water, you will spend it several times less. The main thing, never water a garden or a vegetable garden in the heat of a hot day – only in the early morning or in the evening. Otherwise, the precious moisture will quickly evaporate.
Not all private houses are connected to central sewerage, but there are advantages to using septic tanks and local treatment facilities. The most advanced systems allow you to safely pour “gray” water on the beds and flower beds. If there is no such treatment, try washing the dishes in a plastic basin and using the accumulated water. If it is very dirty, you can water only grown shrubs and trees. In any case, a small amount of soap will not harm them.
For flower beds and boarders, choose flowers and herbs that can last a long time without water. As a rule, they have a strong aroma, have fleshy or leafy leaves. Pay attention to lavender, showy stonecrop, woolly woundwort, Mexican feather grass, as well as echinacea purple, icteric, perovskias and nepeta. For the highest tier, a leather tartlet, a shuazia and a trachelosperm jasmine are suitable.
Perennials are best planted in pots, and not on flower beds. Preference should be given to species that tolerate drought well, such as pelargonium, gasonia, osteospermum. Plants in pots are best placed close to each other to create a microclimate and reduce evaporation. You can put them on a pallet with a hygroscopic coating – a capillary mat that retains moisture and then gradually gives it to the roots. This will not only save water, but it will also come in handy if you do not plan to visit your estate in the near future.