It is a great success to become the owner of a flat section, the surface of which does not require alignment. But how to be if the relief on it, it rises, then falls? There are two possible solutions to the problem: align the surface by pouring low and removing hills, or arrange it with all sorts of stairs and stairs. Garden staircases are also interesting in that, in addition to the direct purpose – providing convenience for moving around the site with a slope, will help to transform the architectural and decorative appearance of the garden
Garden staircases are also interesting in that, in addition to the direct purpose – providing convenience for moving around the site with a slope, will help to transform the architectural and decorative appearance of the garden
Due to the device of the stairs, it is possible to link the landscape of the plot into a single whole and to transform the garden, giving it an aristocratic zest and noble charm. Practically on any site there is a place where it is necessary to rise from one level to another. To connect the different levels of the site may well be enough and two steps. And even on a flat flat relief, the stairs will not be superfluous. Low descents and lifts will bring dynamics into the surrounding space, making the flat area more diverse
To connect the different levels of the site may well be enough and two steps. And even on a flat flat relief, the stairs will not be superfluous. Low descents and lifts will bring dynamics into the surrounding space, making the flat area more diverse
Depending on the type of performance, the garden staircases are divided into mortise and loose stairs: the first option assumes the presence of retaining walls, and in the second stage they are laid directly on the soil. Material for the manufacture of stairs can act: wood, natural stone, brick, concrete. The main thing is that the material for finishing the steps corresponds to the style of the site.
The structural solution and the architectural style of the stairway largely depends on its location. Most of the stairs are equipped with handrails, but for small transitional structures with gentle steps, the presence of a handrail is not necessary.
When designing ladders, the main thing is not to disturb the plastics of the relief, because these multi-level transitions are designed to emphasize the advantages of the site, successfully concealing its shortcomings. Thinking about the arrangement of steps it is important to correctly determine the proportions of both the whole structure and its individual elements.
In order to calculate the required number of steps and their dimensions, it is necessary to take two slats, which are fastened together at a right angle. The free end of the first rail is installed in the place of arrangement of the lower stage, and the end of the second rack is placed in place of the installation of the last upper stage.
Then determine the length of the steps: divide the length of the horizontal bar into the estimated number of steps. By the same principle, we calculate the height of the steps, taking as a basis the length of the vertical bar.
The width of the steps should be commensurate with the steepness of the ascent. The total width of the ladder is also determined by the width of the garden paths leading to it.
The wider the staircase, the more space for creativity: on the sides of the spacious stairs, you can install floor vases with flowers, and the railing to plait beautifully flowering lianas and climbing plants. Traditionally, the stairs have at least 3-4 steps. Planning to build a staircase for the arrangement of a steep gradient, the number of steps in which will exceed 12-14 pieces, it is desirable to provide a landing.
If there is a need to connect small differences, where the three steps will look somewhat cumbersome, you can simply align the site or equip an additional mound. On whatever version of the design the site owners will not stop the choice, when adjusting the staircase, a number of points should be considered:
- Illumination. For safe movement around the site in the dark, it is necessary to provide street lighting. To illuminate the steps, it is convenient to use lamps whose outgoing beams are directed downward, as well as glowing stones. They do not dazzle, but give enough light to confidently move up the stairs.
- Non-slip coating surface. As a finishing coat is better to use a material with a non-slip surface (natural textured stone, tiles with a corrugated surface).
- Railing. When adjusting stairs to connect elevations of 25″ or more in order to improve safety, it is necessary to provide for the presence of handrails. They are made of the same material as the steps. Another tip – a slight bias in 1-2% of the depth of tread in each step will prevent the stagnation of water.
Building a Garden Steps With Options
Option #1 – bulked steps
The simplest version of the arrangement of the ladder is from the bulked steps. For their arrangement in an inclined recess between two levels of a site stacks подстеенки, and emptiness between boards fill with the earth.
The action of the step is already carried out by the compacted earth layer. To increase the rigidity of the construction use oblique – lateral longitudinal boards, which are placed on the edge to fix the steps. Warn the deflection of the board can be, driving in with the pegs piled on the inside of the board.
Option #2 – made of logs
To produce a garden ladder from logs, we need: Logs of the same length; Metal or wooden pegs; Ground crust or gravel. Throughout the length of the slope on the site of the arrangement of the future staircase we excavate the trench and compact the soil. At the base of the slope into the ground we drive two pegs, on which the lower step will rest.
By the same technology we stack other logs, forming the following steps. Each step is equiped with a tread from crushed bark or gravel
To prolong the service life, each wood saw is treated with special antiseptics or used engine oil.
Option #3 – made of stone slabs
Stone – an ideal option for the construction of steps. Round, diamond-shaped, rectangular stone slabs can be stacked as you like: as a complete overlap or with gaps filled with rammed earth.
Stone plates, each of which has a considerable weight, are laid on a 2.5-3 inch “pillow” of rubble or sand and fixed with cement mortar. The seams between the slabs can be sealed with the same mortar, or sanded with sand, allowing the ornamental grass to germinate.
To avoid ground breaking and collapse of steps, it is necessary to build a retaining wall. It can be completely laid out of that natural stone or made of concrete