Gabions have a rich history dating from the reign of Napoleon. Everything that touches quirkiness and originality, falls into the field of view of designers. Not bypassed this fate and extraordinary mesh-and-stone constructions.
Rusty steel and stones – the main material for the creation of a homestead in the style of rustic industrial
Gabion in French means “stone cage”. This is a solid structure of metal or wire welded mesh, filled with stone.
According to the rules of history, gabion fences served as redoubts, or additional fortifications from landslides near water bodies. Modern landscape designers successfully use them for other purposes.
Why do we need Gabions
The use of landscape gabions is a vivid example of inexpensive and “angry” decor. The mobility of such designs allows us to realize the most ambitious design plans. An additional advantage is their special strength and durability. Gabion designs have found themselves in many design ideas:
- Strengthening of the coast. For decorative garden reservoirs, there is nothing better than strengthening (and simultaneously decorating) their coasts with gabions. They fit perfectly into the surrounding nature. Such beaches can be used as comfortable benches.
- Fences. If you have accumulated a lot of construction debris (stone crumbs, pieces of concrete), use them in the original construction. Gabion fences will last for centuries, carefully covering your site from prying eyes. In addition, the grid can be decorated with plants or trimmed with a tree.
- Separation. The mobility and flexibility of the metal mesh allows it to be shaped any way. It is possible to divide the personal plot into functional zones in an original and beautiful way.
- Supports. When you decorate the terrace in the country, remember the gabions! They will become an extremely reliable retaining wall, which reliably protects the site from landslides. From metal-stone grids you can build attractive steps or curbs.
- Decor. Do you want to add eccentricities in the design of flower plantations? Create from the gabion flowerbeds, flower pots. Stones favorably emphasize the tenderness and touching of flowers. Think of unusual compositions, the central part of which will be gabions (sculptures of people, animals). Let them climb the climbing plants (vines, ivy), impress your friends with this design!
Stone jungle: what are gabions
The world of gabions is rich and diverse. Designers have developed numerous varieties of gabion net products.
Classic Jumbo. The most popular kind of cellular-stone construction. This is a steel, rigid frame with a width of 1-2 m with additional welding of all points of intersection of metal elements. The height of the jumbo can reach up to a meter, and the length of 2-6 m. When it is manufactured, proportions are strictly maintained: the width consists of two heights.
Cylinder. Gabions of cylindrical shape look fresh and bright. They represent a hollow construction with a diameter of 0.65-0.95 m with a length of 2-4 m. Increased stability allows these installations to be installed even on steep slopes.
Renault Mattress. A little ridiculous name such structures have received in honor of the river near the city of Bologna in Italy. Many years ago, metal-stone structures, which strengthened the riverbank, saved the townspeople from severe flooding. These gabions are flat, wide and low (height reaches up to 30 cm).
Flowerbeds-gabions. Flowers – the most important decoration of the infield. Almost everywhere you can find various in size and shape flowerbeds. With the participation of gabions, there is an interesting design of flower plantings.
Choosing a filler
From what you fill the gabion, its appearance will depend. Any fantasy is praiseworthy here. You can pick out the most beautiful, colorful stones and create an unusual fantasy design.
- The stone filler must be moisture-, sun-, cold-resistant
- If your gabions serve as strengthening structures – use stones of especially hard rocks (expanded clay, granite, concrete).
- Decorative gabions, serving for ornaments, can be filled with other materials (broken glass, broken brick, wood chips, logs, pipe cuttings, sea shells, broken shingles).
When choosing a filler, make sure that its pieces are three to four times larger than the size of the cells in the metal mesh.